Over the past decade, more than 700 journalists have been killed for bringing news and information to the public. Worryingly, only one in ten cases committed against media workers over the past decade has led to a conviction. The date of 2 November has been chosen by United Nations, in remembrance of the assassination of two French journalists in Mali in 2013. Claude Verlon, 58 years old and Ghislaine Dupont, 51, both journalists at RFI radio, have been found dead, on 2 of November 2013. The death was confirmed both from the French and Malian officials. The journalists were killed by gunmen in northern Mali shortly after being abducted in the town of Kidal. Kidal, was the place of a Tuareg uprising that plunged Mali into chaos, leading to a coup in the capital Bamako and the occupation of the northern half of the country by militants linked to al Qaeda. The two journalists were warned by the French army not to travel to Kidal because of the continuing security risks, despite that, the two journalists took MINSUMA transportation to get to Kidal.

Unfortunately, these two journalists are not the exception. The numbers of journalists that are murdered, kidnapped or imprisoned during their work is increasing more and more every year. In a report, that Reporters without Borders published for the abuses against journalists on 2014, have been occurred that 66 journalists were murdered this year, 119 were kidnapped, 178 are imprisoned, 853 are arrested and 1846 journalists were threatened or attacked in 2014. In the same report, the 5 most deadliest countries for journalists are also presented: Syria, Palestine, Ukraine, Iraq and Libya. Exposed to such diverse forms of intimidation, twice as many journalists fled into exile this year as in 2013. For 2015 the numbers are: 61 journalists killed, 6 media assistants killed, 18 Netizens and citizen journalists killed, 149 journalists imprisoned, 13 media assistants imprisoned ,165 netizens imprisoned.

«Don’t wait to be deprived of news to stand up and fight for it»

Reporters-Without-Borders
Photo: from the website of Reporters Without Borders

Reporters without Borders, is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press. The organization has, also, consultant status at the United Nations. RWB, as often is been mentioned, has two primary spheres of activity: one is focused on Internet Censorship and the New Media, and the other on providing material, financial and psychological assistance to journalists assigned to dangerous areas. In some countries a journalist can be thrown in prison for years for a single offending word or photo. Jailing or killing a journalist removes a vital witness to events and threatens the right of us all to be informed. Reporters Without Borders promotes and defends the freedom to be informed and to inform others throughout the world. Based in Paris, it has ten international offices (Berlin, Brussels, Geneva, Madrid, Milan, Stockholm, Tunis, Tripoli, Vienna and Washington DC) and more than 150 correspondents in all five continents.  Something that they believe: «Don’t wait to be deprived of news to stand up and fight for it».

In conclusion, it is important to mention two cases of Spanish reporters. On 2013, Marc Marginedas, who works for El Periodico, Ricardo Garcia Vilanova, a freelance photojournalist and Javier Espinosa, correspondent for El Mundo, were kidnapped in Syria while reporting. The reporters were released after six months in captivity.  Ángel Sastre, Antonio Pampliega and José Manuel López, another Spanish reporters were in the Syrian city of Aleppo until July 12 of 2015, when their missing was noticed. The disappearance of the journalists had been kept quiet in the media, with the aim of facilitating a potential negotiation. Government sources were unwilling to confirm a kidnapping, but they did admit there was evidence to suggest the men had been “detained”. The area where the men disappeared has been the scene of intense fighting the days that the contact with them was lost. Ángel Sastre has covered earthquakes and war zones, he has worked with Spanish TV network Cuatro, radio station Onda Cero and daily La Razón. José Manuel López has spent 11 years working as a photographer, and has been a freelancer in places such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine, Kosovo and Iran since 2010. Antonio Pampliega has written for various media, such as ‘Four’, he also writes to his blog ‘Un Mundo en Guerra’, which is specialized in covering military conflicts since 2008.

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